Friday, June 2, 2023

Study concludes evolution of uniquely human DNA was a balancing act
Washington | January 14, 2023 12:02:57 AM IST
The difference between humans and chimpanzees lies in only one per cent of their DNA. Human accelerated regions (HARs) are parts of the genome with an unexpected amount of these differences. HARs were stable in mammals for millennia but quickly changed in ... read..

Cell identity understanding can be improved through machine learning: Study
Washington | January 14, 2023 12:02:54 AM IST
When genes are activated and expressed, they show patterns in cells that are similar in type and function across tissues and organs. Discovering these patterns improves our understanding of cells -- which has implications for unveiling disease mechanisms. ... read..

Study reveals mood affects how brain processes language
Arizona | January 14, 2023 12:02:52 AM IST
A new study led by the University of Arizona suggested that when people are in a bad mood, they are more likely to notice inconsistencies in what they read. ... read..

Researchers identify novel tool to unveil communication between gut microbes, brain
Washington | January 14, 2023 12:02:44 AM IST
In the past decade, researchers have started appreciating the importance of two-way communication that occurs between microbes in the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, known as the gut-brain axis. ... read..

Researchers develop artificial intelligence tool to predict risk of lung cancer
Washington | January 13, 2023 10:02:40 PM IST
Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer death in the United States and around the world. Low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCT) is suggested for monitoring persons aged 50 to 80 with a significant history of smoking or who actively smoke. Lung cancer s ... read..

Rakesh Sharma Birthday: 7 interesting facts about cosmic journey of India's only man in space
New Delhi | January 13, 2023 7:34:28 PM IST
Even though countries like the United States and Russia (then USSR) have been the nations that forayed the space race during the latter half of the 20th century, India, a developing nation gradually made a name for itself and Rakesh Sharma a boy born on J ... read..

Overactive cell metabolism is associated with biological ageing: Study
New York | January 13, 2023 6:32:11 PM IST
Why do cells, and thus people, age? The solution could be related to mitochondria, the organelles that provide energy to cells. Though this is not a new thing, direct evidence in human cells had previously been lacking, until now. ... read..

Scientists have discovered the origins of the building blocks of life
Washington | January 13, 2023 3:32:31 PM IST
A new study led by Southwest Research Institute Research Scientist Dr. Danna Qasim posits that interstellar cloud conditions may have played a significant role on the presence of key building blocks of life in the solar system. ... read..

Fossils reveal dinosaurs of prehistoric Patagonia: Research
Washington | January 13, 2023 2:02:20 PM IST
A study is providing a glimpse into dinosaur and bird diversity in Patagonia during the Late Cretaceous, just before the non-avian dinosaurs went extinct. The fossils represent the first record of theropods, a dinosaur group that includes both modern bird ... read..

Martian meteorite contains large diversity of organic compounds
Washington | January 13, 2023 11:33:51 AM IST
The Martian meteorite Tissint contains a huge diversity of organic compounds, found an international team of researchers led by Technical University of Munich and Helmholtz Munich's Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin and including Carnegie's Andrew Steele. Their wo ... read..

ISB to help Cyberabad Council strengthen cyber security
Hyderabad | Friday, 2023 2:45:09 AM IST
The Indian School of Business (ISB) and the Society for Cyberabad Security Council (SCSC) on Thursday signed an MoU to strengthen cyber security. ... read..

IBS-related changes in patients can be monitored by wearable devices: Study
Osaka | January 13, 2023 12:04:58 AM IST
The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which include chronic abdominal pain associated with bowel motions of one of four types--diarrheal, constipating, mixed, or unclassifiable are difficult to treat. ... read..

Research: Molecular interactions may be crucial in preventing spread of cancer cells
South Carolina | January 12, 2023 11:32:56 PM IST
Researchers have uncovered a series of molecular interactions that may be crucial in preventing the spread of cancer cells. There is currently no effective therapeutic strategy to stop metastasis, which is the main cause of death from solid malignant tumo ... read..

Study reveals same genes may cause risk of cardiometabolic diseases, dementia
Solna | January 12, 2023 10:01:52 PM IST
A significant increase in the risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease is associated with various cardiometabolic disorders, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet have recently conducted a twin study that ... read..

Study reveals how placebo can reduce feelings of guilt
Basel | January 12, 2023 9:31:50 PM IST
During interactions with others, people don't always behave impeccably. We frequently feel bad once we realise this has unintentionally caused harm to someone. We are motivated to take remedial action, like apologising or owning up, by this unsettling emo ... read..

Scientists study life origins by simulating cosmic evolution
Washington | January 12, 2023 3:32:03 PM IST
Amino acids make up millions of proteins that drive the chemical gears of life, including essential bodily functions in animals. Because of amino acids' relationship to living things scientists are eager to understand the origins of these molecules. After ... read..

Discovery of metabolic switch could lead to targeted treatment of obesity, cancer
Washington | January 12, 2023 3:04:02 PM IST
Researchers have discovered how to modify the function of an enzyme crucial to fat production in fruit flies, which could lead to more effective treatments for cancer and childhood obesity in humans. ... read..

NASA's Webb uncovers star formation in cluster's dusty ribbons
Washington | January 12, 2023 11:02:46 AM IST
NGC 346, one of the most dynamic star-forming regions in nearby galaxies, is full of mystery. Now, it is less mysterious with new findings from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope. ... read..

Researchers find artificial pancreas useful for type 2 diabetes patients
Cambridge | January 11, 2023 10:03:42 PM IST
Researchers have tested an artificial pancreas for use by type 2 diabetes patients. The device, which was powered by an algorithm developed at the University of Cambridge, compared to standard treatment, patients spent twice as much time in the glucose ta ... read..

Planetary system's second Earth-size world discovered
Washington | January 11, 2023 12:32:58 PM IST
Using data from NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, scientists have identified an Earth-size world, called TOI 700 e, orbiting within the habitable zone of its star, the range of distances where liquid water could occur on a planet's surface. Th ... read..

Study: Hydrogel injections help to heal infections after hip, knee replacements
Washington | January 10, 2023 11:31:08 PM IST
The challenges of total hip and knee replacements are enough for patients. When an infection develops thereafter, the outcomes are frequently disastrous and call for strong antibiotics and revisionary surgery. ... read..

Study finds how retirement plans affect cognitive performance in older people
New York | January 10, 2023 9:31:44 PM IST
Researchers from the State University of New York's Binghamton University found that early retirement can hasten cognitive impairment in older people. ... read..

Study reveals regulatory mechanisms for enzyme production in filamentous fungus
Osaka | January 10, 2023 7:02:51 PM IST
In addition to being a longtime ally of sake brewers, filamentous fungi may soon become a supporter of environmentalists. Researchers from Osaka Metropolitan University have identified the processes that control the development of enzymes in a filamentous ... read..

NASA's retired Compton mission reveals superheavy neutron stars
Washington | January 10, 2023 3:31:54 PM IST
Astronomers studying archival observations of powerful explosions called short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) have detected light patterns indicating the brief existence of a superheavy neutron star shortly before it collapsed into a black hole. This fleeting, m ... read..

Cat locomotion could unlock better human spinal cord injury treatment: Research
Washington | January 10, 2023 2:01:23 PM IST
Cats always land on their feet, but what makes them so agile? Their unique sense of balance has more in common with humans than it may appear. Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are studying cat locomotion to better understand how the spin ... read..

Astronomers find the most distant stars in our galaxy halfway to Andromeda
Washington | January 10, 2023 1:01:34 PM IST
Astronomers have discovered more than 200 distant variable stars known as RR Lyrae stars in the Milky Way's stellar halo. The most distant of these stars is more than a million light-years from Earth, almost half the distance to our neighbouring galaxy, A ... read..

Research details wide diversity of galaxies in the early universe
Washington | January 10, 2023 12:03:43 PM IST
New data from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) have revealed that the structures of galaxies in the early universe were much more diverse and mature than previously known. Scientists compared images of hundreds of galaxies taken by JWST for the Cosmi ... read..

Study: Glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes can be predicted by machine learning methods
Kuopio | January 9, 2023 9:31:35 PM IST
According to a recent study from Finland, machine learning techniques can predict with certainty the likelihood that patients with type 2 diabetes would have poor glycemic control. The length of type 2 diabetes, previous glucose levels, and the patient's ... read..

Study reveals impact of toxicants on river inhabitants
Shanghai | January 9, 2023 3:33:15 PM IST
When developing environmental policies to mitigate the effects of river pollution, it is critical to consider the specific risks that different pollutants pose to different species. However, rigorously testing the effects of toxicants on entire groups of ... read..

Research assesses severity of marine heatwaves impacting ocean ecosystems
Washington | January 8, 2023 10:01:50 PM IST
The severity of marine heatwaves (MHWs) that are increasingly impacting ocean ecosystems, including vulnerable coral reefs, has primarily been assessed using remotely sensed sea-surface temperatures (SSTs), without information relevant to heating across e ... read..

Study details impact of prairie dog plague die-off on other species
Washington | January 8, 2023 10:01:44 PM IST
A study, conducted from 2015-19 in the Thunder Basin National Grassland, maybe the first to specifically examine the multispecies impacts of a wide-scale plague outbreak, which reduced the area covered by prairie dog colonies from nearly 25,000 acres to o ... read..

Study explains how genetic changes are responsible for the evolution of phenotypic traits
Washington | January 8, 2023 9:33:46 PM IST
What genetic changes are responsible for the evolution of phenotypic traits? This question is not always easy to answer. A newly developed method now makes the search much easier. ... read..

Researchers reveal reason why human approach needs to be incorporated in nature conservation
Washington | January 8, 2023 9:02:55 PM IST
A study emphasised the need of using a biocultural approach in environmental conservation efforts. ... read..

Researchers discover toxic process involving 'jumping genes'
Washington | January 8, 2023 9:02:45 PM IST
Scientists from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio) on Sunday reported that an inflammatory trigger like one present during viral infections is elevated in Alzheimer's disease and progressive supranuclear p ... read..

Scientists predict two out of three glaciers could be lost by 2100
Washington | January 8, 2023 9:02:32 PM IST
Scientists have made new projections of glacier mass loss through the century under different emissions scenarios. ... read..

Study finds new trigger of brain inflammation in Alzheimer's disease
San Antonio | January 8, 2023 8:32:41 PM IST
Researchers from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (UT Health San Antonio) discovered that an inflammatory trigger similar to that found in viral infections is higher in Alzheimer's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy, a ... read..

Sight aids brains in recognizing voices: Study
Washington | January 8, 2023 4:02:16 PM IST
Participants were asked to identify US presidents who discovered that human brains use the same centre that lights up when the speaker's face is presented to recognise a famous voice as part of a neuroscience study. ... read..

Study finds common fatty acid enhances temperature, pain sensitivity in psoriasis plaques
Washington | January 8, 2023 3:32:43 PM IST
Fatty acids have been widely researched for their role in health and disease. ... read..

Scientists throw light on mechanism of evolution
Washington | January 8, 2023 3:32:39 PM IST
The European mole, like the Australian marsupial mole, can easily burrow through the soil with its powerful digging shovels. Despite the fact that the two animal species live thousands of miles apart, they have evolved similar organs. ... read..

Study finds new cellular component important for sense of smell
Stockholm | January 8, 2023 1:02:24 PM IST
In the neurons that our noses utilise to detect smell, scientists at Umea University in Sweden have found a previously unidentified cellular component called an organelle. The discovery may spur more studies into the COVID-19 symptom of poor smell percept ... read..

Scattered patches of green in urban parks can have an impact on biodiversity
Tokyo | January 7, 2023 11:03:23 PM IST
Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University discovered that biodiversity in large parks in urban environments can be influenced by smaller green areas nearby. They surveyed two insect families, one more mobile than the other, in major parks throughout ... read..

Research could help simplify process of calculating soil carbon credits
Washington | January 7, 2023 10:01:41 PM IST
A study conducted by academics at the University of Illinois Urbana-Agroecosystem Champaign's Sustainability Center (ASC) provides new insights for quantifying farmland carbon budgets and soil carbon credits, two important indicators for climate change mi ... read..

Scars can be repaired with hair follicle transplants: Study
London | January 7, 2023 10:01:39 PM IST
According to a new study, skin scars began to behave more like uninjured skin after being treated with hair follicle transplants. Scarred skin generates new cells and blood vessels, remodelled collagen to reestablish healthy patterns, and even expressed g ... read..

Genes may affect level of harmful bacterial toxins in the bloodstream: Research
Washington | January 7, 2023 9:31:51 PM IST
Lipopolysaccharide, a virulence factor produced by bacteria, is a toxin that can cause systemic inflammation via circulation. In a recently completed study, genetic markers were discovered that are associated with a heightened lipopolysaccharide level in ... read..

Study suggests that abelacimab is effective for blood clot treatment
Washington | January 7, 2023 9:31:43 PM IST
A potentially game-changing treatment for people with, or at risk of, blood clots have been found effective by an international team of researchers led by McMaster University's Jeffrey Weitz. ... read..

Study reveals how eukaryotic cells can control average fluctuations in organelle
Washington | January 7, 2023 7:02:08 PM IST
Eukaryotic cells are highly structured objects that make up the majority of life as we know it, including all animals, plants, and fungi. ... read..

Researchers reveal couples who work from home do not have same experience
Columbus (Ohio) | January 7, 2023 5:32:55 PM IST
Working from home may be a better deal for husbands than wives in dual-earner couples, according to two related studies of workers in China and South Korea. ... read..

Do you know time restricted eating affects gene expression in areas of body, brain? Study reveals
Washington | January 7, 2023 4:31:25 PM IST
Time-restricted eating has been shown in studies to have health benefits, including an increase in life span, making practices like intermittent fasting a hot topic in the wellness industry. ... read..

Research reveals reef fish find it harder to locate rivals due to coral bleaching
Lancaster | January 7, 2023 4:03:21 PM IST
According to recently conducted research at Lancaster University, large-scale coral bleaching episodes make it much harder for a bunch of reef fish species to identify their rivals. ... read..

Researchers take closer look at DNA repair scheme for cancer therapy
Washington | January 7, 2023 7:03:38 AM IST
Researchers from Rice University and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, have taken a closer look at one of the ways cells repair broken strands of DNA. ... read..

Zoom announces human avatars to its meeting app
San Francisco | Saturday, 2023 1:45:10 AM IST
Video conferencing platform Zoom has announced human avatars to its meeting app, which will let users appear as a cartoon version of themselves. ... read..

Study: Revealing roles of dementia proteins in normal memory
Washington | January 7, 2023 12:01:47 AM IST
New research has revealed how the tau protein, a critical element in the formation of Alzheimer's disease, is also involved in normal learning processes in the healthy brain, potentially providing a focal point for future drug therapies. ... read..

Research may assist to simplify process of calculating soil carbon credits
Washington | January 6, 2023 11:03:10 PM IST
A study performed by academics at the University of Illinois Urbana-Agroecosystem Champaign's Sustainability Center (ASC) gives new insights for quantifying farmland carbon budgets and soil carbon credits, two crucial indicators for mitigating climate cha ... read..

Invasive rats impact reef fish behaviour: Study
London | January 6, 2023 10:04:18 PM IST
Scientists have discovered that invading rats on tropical islands are influencing the territorial behaviour of fish on adjacent coral reefs. ... read..

Research explains how climate change can impact Indian Ocean dipole
Washington | January 6, 2023 10:04:10 PM IST
Researchers now have a much better understanding of how climate change can impact and cause seawater temperatures on one side of the Indian Ocean to be so much warmer or cooler than the temperatures on the other, a phenomenon that can lead to sometimes de ... read..

James Webb telescope reveals Milky Way-like galaxies in young universe
Washington | January 6, 2023 8:02:31 PM IST
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) reveal for the first time galaxies with stellar bars, elongated features of stars stretching from the centres of galaxies into their outer disks, at a time when the universe was a mere 25 per cent of its present ag ... read..

Scientists shed light on brain's ability to perceive space expands like the universe
Washington | January 6, 2023 7:32:03 PM IST
Scientists have discovered that time spent exploring an environment causes neural representations to grow in surprising ways. This discovery provides valuable methods for analyzing data on neurocognitive disorders involving learning and memory, such as Al ... read..

Study finds liver cancer, potential target circadian clock proteins inside cells
Los Angeles | January 6, 2023 7:32:01 PM IST
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, is already the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide--and cases are on the rise in both the United States and around the world. While chemotherapy, surgery, and liver t ... read..

DNA from archaeological remains show immigration to Scandinavia was exceptional during the Viking period
Washington | January 6, 2023 7:31:57 PM IST
A new study based on 297 ancient Scandinavian genomes analysed together with the genomic data of 16,638 present-day Scandinavians resolve the complex relations between geography, ancestry, and gene flow in Scandinavia, encompassing the Roman Age, the Viki ... read..

Scars can be repaired by using transplanted hair follicles
London | January 6, 2023 7:31:55 PM IST
Skin scars began to behave more like uninjured skin after being treated with hair follicle transplants, according to a new study. Scarred skin grew new cells and blood vessels, remodelled collagen to restore healthy patterns, and even expressed genes foun ... read..

Newly discovered anatomy shields and monitors brain
New York | January 6, 2023 5:03:16 PM IST
The human brain only reluctantly reveals its secrets, from the complexity of neural networks to basic biological functions and structures. Neuroimaging and molecular biology advances have only recently enabled scientists to study the living brain at previ ... read..

Hydropower planning in Amazon more efficient with AI: Study
New York | January 6, 2023 4:31:43 PM IST
An international team of researchers has demonstrated for the first time how artificial intelligence can be used to develop sustainable hydropower across the entire Amazon basin, which stretches across South America. ... read..

Impact of prairie dog plague diminished on others: Study
Los Angeles | January 6, 2023 4:31:37 PM IST
They discovered that the decline in prairie dogs, combined with unusually high precipitation in 2018, resulted in dramatic ecosystem changes. According to the researchers, the findings highlight the serious conservation challenges posed by boom-and-bust d ... read..

Wave Growth Theory valid in space: Research
Nagoya | January 6, 2023 4:03:36 PM IST
When most people imagine outer space, they imagine it as a perfect vacuum. This impression is incorrect, because the vacuum is filled with charged particles. The density of charged particles in deep space is so low that they rarely collide with each other ... read..

Research sheds light on sugar's role in common kidney disease
Washington | January 6, 2023 7:31:56 AM IST
A study of kidney organoids in a novel lab environment might have downstream implications for the treatment of polycystic kidney disease (PKD), an incurable condition that affects more than 12 million people worldwide. ... read..

Scientists delve into how evolution works
Washington | January 6, 2023 5:34:57 AM IST
The European mole can burrow through the soil with ease with its powerful digging shovels and the same applies to the Australian marsupial mole. Even though the two animal species live far apart, they have developed similar organs in the course of evoluti ... read..

Now connect to WhatsApp via proxy servers if denied the right
New Delhi | Friday, 2023 4:45:10 AM IST
Meta-owned WhatsApp on Thursday launched a proxy support for users all over the world, like millions of people in Iran and elsewhere who continue to be denied the right to communicate freely and privately. ... read..

Russian companies barred from displaying tech products at CES 2023
Las Vegas | Friday, 2023 3:15:09 AM IST
At the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 2023 being held here from January 5-8, Russian companies are not allowed to display their technology products because the country's invasion of Ukraine, media reports said. ... read..

AMD announces new computing products across desktop, mobile at CES 2023
Las Vegas | Friday, 2023 2:45:10 AM IST
Chip-maker AMD announced a number of new computing products across desktop and mobile platforms, bringing greater performance to gamers, creators, professionals, and mainstream users, at the Consumer Electronic Show (CES) 2023. ... read..

Research: Warm climate linked to stronger Atlantic tropical storms
Washington | January 5, 2023 9:01:32 PM IST
A warming climate will increase the number of tropical cyclones and their intensity in the North Atlantic, potentially creating more and stronger hurricanes, according to simulations using a high-resolution, global climate model. ... read..

Space solar power technology demo launched into orbit
Washington | January 5, 2023 9:01:27 PM IST
The Transporter-6 mission successfully launched from Cape Canaveral on January 3. ... read..

Hubble finds ghost light among galaxies stretches far back in time
Washington | January 5, 2023 8:31:28 PM IST
In giant clusters of hundreds or thousands of galaxies, innumerable stars wander like lost souls, emitting a ghostly haze of light. These stars are not gravitationally tied to any one galaxy in a cluster. ... read..

Residues of antibiotics in water harmful for health: Research
Solna | January 5, 2023 11:31:36 AM IST
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a global threat that can result in untreatable bacterial infections in both animals and humans, which can develop from residues of antibiotics in water. ... read..

Scientists develop new method of refrigeration
Washington | January 5, 2023 7:31:06 AM IST
Before a winter storm, adding salt on a road alters when the ice will form. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have applied this basic concept to develop a new heating and cooling method. ... read..

Study suggests human approach needs to be incorporated in nature conservation
Washington | January 5, 2023 5:34:46 AM IST
An international study has stressed the need to apply a biocultural approach in nature conservation programs. ... read..

Common fatty acid contributes to temperature, pain sensitivity in psoriasis plaques: Study
Washington | January 4, 2023 10:33:56 PM IST
Fatty acids have been extensively studied for their implication in health and disease. ... read..

'Jumping genes' help fungus kill salamanders: Research
Exeter | January 4, 2023 10:33:50 PM IST
Multiple copies of the same "jumping genes" have been found in a salamander-infecting fungus. ... read..

Up to 35 new fish species found in Bolivian National Park
La Paz | January 4, 2023 10:33:40 PM IST
According to a study done as part of the Identidad Madidi expedition led by the Wildlife Conservation Society, the number of fish species recorded in Madidi National Park and Natural Integrated Management Area (PNANMI), Bolivia, has doubled to a staggerin ... read..

Scientists make breakthrough by sequencing endangered sharks' genomes
Geneva | January 4, 2023 10:33:36 PM IST
It's a startling picture that encapsulates a turning point in shark conservation research. The genomes of great hammerhead and shortfin mako sharks, which include their full genetic code, have been sequenced to the chromosome level by Professor Shivji, Pr ... read..

Researchers discover new cellular component with importance for sense of smell
Stockholm | January 4, 2023 9:31:21 PM IST
Researchers at Umea University in Sweden have discovered a previously unknown cellular component, an organelle, inside neurons that we use to perceive smell. The discovery could lead to more research into impaired sense of smell, which is a common symptom ... read..

Study reveals how brain game can predict risk of infection
Washington | January 4, 2023 7:02:39 PM IST
You may be more susceptible to a viral illness if your alertness and reaction time fluctuate more than usual. ... read..

Machine Learning approach gives insights into magnetic history: Research
Washington | January 4, 2023 3:32:04 PM IST
You can feel worn out or energised following a long day of labour. In either case, what occurred to you in the past still has an impact on you. ... read..

Study finds voice, face recognition are linked to brain center
Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) | January 4, 2023 1:02:54 PM IST
Human brains use the same centre that lights up when the speaker's face is shown to recognise a famous voice, according to a clever neuroscience study in which participants were asked to identify U.S. presidents. ... read..

Brain game can predict risk of infection: Study
Washington | January 4, 2023 7:01:48 AM IST
Individuals who feel that their alertness and reaction time are see-sawing more than usual, may be at higher risk of a viral illness. ... read..

Study finds brains rely on sight to identify a voice
Washington | January 4, 2023 4:31:13 AM IST
A neuroscience study where participants were asked to identify U.S. presidents has found that to recognize a famous voice, human brains use the same center that lights up when the speaker's face is presented. ... read..

Zebrafish testing finds gene at root of domestication: Study
London | January 3, 2023 11:01:39 PM IST
Queen Mary University of London researchers have discovered that zebrafish can provide genetic baz1b clues to the development of social behaviours in humans and domesticated species. ... read..

Scientists discover new role of small RNAs in Salmonella infections
Washington | January 3, 2023 10:31:05 PM IST
Salmonella is a food-borne pathogen that infects millions of people each year. These bacteria rely on a complex network of genes and gene products to sense environmental conditions. Researchers investigated the role of small RNAs in helping Salmonella exp ... read..

Air pollution linked to trajectory of stroke: Study
Washington | January 3, 2023 10:04:37 PM IST
Air pollution has been widely associated with an increased risk of stroke. A new study looks at the role of air pollution on the trajectory of stroke, including cardiovascular events after first stroke and death. The study is published in the September 28 ... read..

Epilepsy research boosts case for new gene therapy for Dravet syndrome
Washington | January 3, 2023 8:02:36 PM IST
Research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests how a newly developed gene therapy can treat Dravet syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy, and potentially prolong survival for people with the condition. ... read..

Research suggests cells sense their mechanical environment during embryogenesis
Dresden | January 3, 2023 7:02:52 PM IST
A team of scientists discovered how cells sense their mechanical environment as they build tissues during embryogenesis. ... read..

Study reveals genetic change in esophageal mucous membrane lead to esophageal cancer
Vienna | January 3, 2023 6:33:12 PM IST
Scientists discovered that Barrett oesophagus is a genetic change in the esophageal mucous membrane that can lead to esophageal cancer. If certain biomarkers, known as miDNA, which are extremely short DNA strands, are found in these tissue alterations, it ... read..

Study finds excess folic acid during pregnancy effects brain development of embryo
California | January 3, 2023 2:33:02 PM IST
A study of pregnant mice discovered that high folic acid levels during pregnancy harmed embryo brain development. According to the researchers, the findings suggest that more research into the best recommended dosage for pregnant women is needed. ... read..

New expansion microscopy methods can magnify nanoscale structures: Research
Washington | January 3, 2023 7:03:21 AM IST
The development of expansion microscopy has enabled previously unseen views of the interior of cells and other nanoscale structures. Future research in many different biological and medical fields, including pathology, neuroscience, and others, may benefi ... read..

Researchers explore how cornea heals itself after injury gets altered by dry eye disease
Washington | January 3, 2023 5:03:44 AM IST
Injuries to the cornea are more likely to occur in people with dry eye disease than in people with healthy eyes. ... read..

Researchers develop novel approach to prevent rejection of transplanted cells
Washington | January 3, 2023 4:32:41 AM IST
Researchers at UCSF have developed a novel, potentially life-saving approach that may prevent antibodies from triggering immune rejection of engineered therapeutic and transplant cells. ... read..

Research reveals new method for tracking gene activity across tissues
New York | January 2, 2023 11:32:50 PM IST
Weill Cornell Medicine, New York-Presbyterian, and the New York Genome Center collaborated to devise a new method to reveal the identities and activities of cells throughout an organ or tumour at unprecedented resolution. ... read..

Rhinos dispersed across South, Central Asia via Tibet: Study
Beijing | January 2, 2023 11:32:49 PM IST
The giant rhino, Paraceratherium, was the largest land mammal that ever lived and was found primarily in Asia, particularly in China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan. However, it was long unknown how this genus spread across Asia. A recent discovery ha ... read..

Study reveals importance of key proteins for dynamic control of photosynthesis
Washington | January 2, 2023 8:32:00 PM IST
Plants are frequently grown for research purposes under stable lighting, which does not mimic natural conditions. ... read..

Mirror image molecules reveal drought stress in forests
Mainz | January 2, 2023 8:31:55 PM IST
Similar to pinene, several monoterpenes may be found in (+) alpha-pinene and (-) alpha-pinene, which are mirror images of one another. Both of these volatile compounds can be released by plants either immediately upon biosynthesis or from storage pools in ... read..

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