Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Study shows all work and no play makes for dull living
Washington DC | September 15, 2023 12:44:22 PM IST
A study, conducted in three nations and directed by Dr. Paul Hanel of the Department of Psychology, has revealed that persons who valued performance above enjoyment were less satisfied the next day. ... read..

Earth's electrons may be forming water on Moon: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 10:44:27 PM IST
A team of researchers discovered that high energy electrons in Earth's plasma sheet are contributing to weathering processes on the Moon's surface and that the electrons may have aided in the formation of water on the lunar surface. ... read..

Wild bees' development, health are hampered by lack of maternal care: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 9:45:01 PM IST
According to researchers, most wild bees are solitary, but one tiny species of carpenter bees meticulously cares for and raises their offspring, which results in significant benefits to the developing bee's microbiome, development, and health. ... read..

Early childhood malnutrition sets stage for poor growth: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 8:44:56 PM IST
The researchers found that malnutrition affects growth in the first two years of life, highlighting a devastating reality for millions of children in the Global South, particularly Asia. ... read..

People who put achievement ahead of enjoyment are less happy: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 8:44:51 PM IST
Researchers discovered that people who prioritised achievement over enjoyment were less happy the next day. ... read..

DNA breakthrough detects genetic diversity of invasive fish: Research
New York | September 14, 2023 6:45:46 PM IST
Ecologists have proven that the genetic material that species shed into their environments can reveal not only the presence of the species but also a wide range of information about the genetics of whole populations information that may assist scientist ... read..

Wolves, dogs appear to remember where people hid food: Research
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 6:45:42 PM IST
In a research involving many wolves and dogs, both animals did better at finding hidden food if they had previously watched the food being hidden by a person, implying that they remembered where the food was and did not rely simply on scent to discover it ... read..

Cleaning products emit hundreds of hazardous chemicals: Study
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 6:44:53 PM IST
A peer-reviewed study conducted by Environmental Working Group experts discovered disturbing details regarding the potential health dangers of common household cleaning products. ... read..

Pollination by multiple bee species improves cherry harvest: Research
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 5:45:54 PM IST
Trees should be pollinated by both honey bees and mason bees for the best cherry harvest. A recent study performed by a University of Gothenburg professor demonstrates yet another advantage of biodiversity. ... read..

Some spiders may transfer mercury contamination to land animals: Study
Washington DC | September 13, 2023 11:46:24 PM IST
Many spiders sit patiently in their webs, waiting for prey to come to them. Arachnids that live near lakes and rivers eat aquatic insects like dragonflies. However, if these insects live in mercury-contaminated streams, the metal can be passed on to the s ... read..

Researchersdiscoverwhy,whenSahara Desert was green
Washington DC | September 13, 2023 10:44:19 PM IST
A major study has given new insight into North African humid periods that have occurred during the last 800,000 years, explaining why the Sahara Desert has been green at times. ... read..

Study finds how pneumococcal vaccines associated with fewer severe infections among children with sickle cell disease
Washington | September 12, 2023 11:45:37 PM IST
According to recent studies, the prevalence of invasive pneumococcal infection (IPD) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) has dramatically decreased after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines PCV7 and PCV13. ... read..

Surfactants may cause toxic chemicals in aerosols to last longer in air: Study
Birmingham | September 12, 2023 11:45:34 PM IST
Hazardous chemicals often seen in aerosols, such as those produced during cooking and cleaning, can be 'protected' in 3D structures made by surfactants, allowing them to stay longer in the air, according to research led by the University of Birmingham. ... read..

Plant-based food alternatives might help inshift to global sustainability: Study
Washington DC | September 12, 2023 9:45:31 PM IST
According to new research, replacing 50 per cent of meat and milk products with plant-based alternatives by 2050 can reduce agriculture and land use-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 31 per cent while also halting the deterioration of forest and n ... read..

River water quality declining worldwide as a result of climate change
Utrecht | September 12, 2023 8:44:21 PM IST
Our ability to manage water is severely threatened by climate change, more droughts, and more frequent rainstorms. Water quality as well as availability are under threat. ... read..

Researchers find combination of cancer inhibitors in slowing tumour growth
Hiroshima | September 12, 2023 8:44:06 PM IST
In individuals with specific malignancies, including as head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma, a combination of inhibitors has been shown to reduce tumour growth and prevent relapse. Their findings encourage the creation of novel t ... read..

Contamination residues still found in park built on former municipal incinerator sites: Study
Washington | September 12, 2023 4:44:06 PM IST
Many cities in the United States and Canada burnt their rubbish and waste in municipal incinerators during much of the last century. ... read..

New super-fast flood model has potential to save lives: Study
Melbourne | September 12, 2023 2:43:46 PM IST
Researchers found a new model that has the potential to significantly improve emergency response by lowering flood forecasting time from hours to days and allowing flood behaviour to be reliably anticipated at super-fast speeds as an event unfolds. ... read..

Study finds link between exercise-induced hormone irisin, Alzheimers disease
Massachusetts | September 11, 2023 9:43:57 PM IST
The first 3D human cell culture models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that exhibit the two main symptoms of the diseasethe formation of amyloid beta deposits followed by tau tangleswere created previously. Researchers are now using their model to examine ... read..

Researchers develop technique for bladder transplantation in humans
Pennsylvania | September 11, 2023 8:43:50 PM IST
A series of pre-clinical studies provide important first steps in developing techniques of robotic bladder transplantation in humans. ... read..

Exhaled breath offers hope for the early detection of malignant pleural mesothelioma
Colorado | September 11, 2023 7:44:00 PM IST
Identifying and analyzing volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma showed promise as a screening method for MPM. ... read..

Scientists detect sea star hybridization in North Atlantic Ocean
New York | September 11, 2023 4:45:33 PM IST
In the chilly waters of the North Atlantic Ocean, scientists have long speculated that two kinds of sea starscommonly known as starfishfound along the rocky coastlines of Europe and North America may have interbred. ... read..

'Brainless' robot can overcome difficult challenges: Study
Washington | September 11, 2023 4:45:29 PM IST
Researchers who developed a soft robot that could navigate simple mazes without human or computer guidance have now expanded on their work to develop a 'brainless' soft robot capable of navigating more complicated and dynamic surroundings. ... read..

Sorghum bran is more potent than whole grain: Study
Washington | September 11, 2023 3:46:15 PM IST
Researchers discovered that sorghum bran contains significantly more important amino acids and minerals than whole grain or dehulled sorghum flour. ... read..

Researchers take step towards reliably processing quantum information
Washington | September 11, 2023 3:46:07 PM IST
Researchers have found the most robust way for controlling individual qubits made of the chemical element barium using laser light. The capacity to manipulate a qubit reliably is a significant step towards realising future functioning quantum computers. ... read..

Researchers develop new test to detect early stages of tooth decay at home
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 5:44:04 PM IST
A novel product developed by researchers at the University of Cincinnati can alert consumers to the early stages of tooth decay brought on by conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis. ... read..

Study highlights feasibility, optimization of ammonia-based power generation for carbon neutrality
Ulsan | September 10, 2023 3:44:43 PM IST
Due to its intrinsic carbon-free nature, ammonia is emerging as a possible energy source for achieving carbon neutrality. ... read..

Study finds microscopic imaging devices may gather data on material structure
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 12:46:33 PM IST
Researchers have created a technique that uses machine learning with a human in the loop to automatically recognise and measure a material's microstructure from microscopic photographs. ... read..

Study shows how microdevices can be used to treat brain cancer
Massachusetts | September 10, 2023 11:45:58 AM IST
The innovative device, which is the size and shape of a grain of rice, can perform hundreds of studies at the same time to examine the impact of novel treatments on some of the most difficult-to-treat brain tumours. ... read..

Study highlights significance of grasses in preventing climate change
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 11:45:39 AM IST
Initiatives to halt risky trends have been prompted by the growing effects of global warming, frequently by planting trees to absorb and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. ... read..

Study reveals how trees influence cloud formation
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 11:14:45 PM IST
Researchers at PSI have identified sesquiterpenes - gaseous hydrocarbons generated by plants - as a crucial contributor in cloud formation as part of the multinational CLOUD project at the nuclear research facility CERN. This discovery could help to reduc ... read..

Recent development paves path for a new kindof quantum communication: Research
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 6:15:37 PM IST
A new type of random number generator for encryption developed at Linkping University in Sweden can make sharing safer, more inexpensive, and less harmful to the environment. ... read..

Researchers suggest Musashi-2 controls skeletal muscle composition
Tokyo | September 9, 2023 5:13:55 PM IST
Musashi-2 (Msi2) is a major player in the control of skeletal muscle metabolism and mass, according to research from Tokyo Metropolitan University. They observed lower muscle mass in mice that had the Msi2 gene knocked out due to a lack of type 2a muscul ... read..

Study gives more insight into head, neck cancer patients resistance to chemotherapy
Washington | September 9, 2023 4:15:49 PM IST
Two new genes have been discovered by Queen Mary University of London researchers that render people with head and neck cancer resistant to chemotherapy. Cancer cells that were previously resistant to chemotherapy can now respond to it by silencing one o ... read..

Study sheds more light on 'Atlantification' of Arctic Ocean
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 12:14:46 PM IST
Researchers have discovered the source of the Arctic Ocean's sea ice decline. The findings indicate that stronger declines in sea ice will occur when an atmospheric feature known as the Arctic dipole reverses itself in its recurring cycle. ... read..

Poor water quality has negative impact on socially vulnerable communities: Study
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 12:14:42 PM IST
A recent analysis of the links between poor drinking water quality and social vulnerability in the United States, published in IOP Publishing's journal Environmental Research Letters, reveals that these violations disproportionately damage the most vulner ... read..

Study sheds more light on early pancreatic cells' behaviour
Washington | September 9, 2023 12:14:15 PM IST
Different cells in our pancreas perform critical functions in blood sugar regulation. The gene neurogenin 3 (NEUROG3) is discovered in pancreatic cells and its mutant version may induce diabetes. ... read..

People with lung conditions face more risks from climate change: Study
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 11:15:45 AM IST
People with lung problems such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) face even larger risks from climate change, according to research. ... read..

Researchers find how fiber from crustaceans, insects, mushrooms promote digestion
Washington | September 9, 2023 8:14:35 AM IST
A crunchy critter's digestion begins with the noisy grinding of its tough protective covering - the exoskeleton. According to a new study in mice conducted by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, the hard cover may be beneficial to metab ... read..

Study suggests energy-efficient method of capturing and transforming CO2
Cambridge | September 9, 2023 12:17:00 AM IST
In the fight to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, MIT scientists are turning to carbon-capture technology to decarbonize the most intractable industrial emitters. ... read..

Study reveals how bright-light treatment improves sleep in stressed mice
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 8:17:02 PM IST
Sleep disturbance is linked to chronic stress. In their current study, Lu Huang and colleagues uncover the brain circuit behind this behaviour and explain how bright-light treatment may combat it. The study was carried out in mice at Jinan University in C ... read..

Researchers discover how specialized T cells in brain slow progression of Alzheimers disease
Washington | September 8, 2023 2:14:13 PM IST
Alzheimer's disease, a neurological disorder characterised with progressive cognitive decline, including memory loss, affects up to 5.8 million Americans today. Protein aggregates, made up of beta-amyloid or other proteins, occur in the brains of Alzheim ... read..

Beaver activity boosts methane greenhouse gas emissions: Study
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 2:14:03 PM IST
The climate-driven migration of beavers into the Arctic tundra is releasing more methane, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere. ... read..

Climate change may permanently alter mountain forests: Study
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 12:17:11 PM IST
Future forests may be unrecognisable as a result of the climate crisis. Trees that presently make up European woodlands may no longer be visible or they may have shifted several hundred metres uphill. ... read..

Researchers aims to develop new way to treat ischemic stroke
Washington | September 8, 2023 9:15:50 AM IST
The University of Tennessee Health Science Centre is conducting research to find a novel technique to treat ischemic stroke, which is the top cause of mortality in people globally. ... read..

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