Sunday, July 14, 2024
News

Study discovers genetic links between schizophrenia, heart disease risk factors

   SocialTwist Tell-a-Friend    Print this Page   COMMENT

Washington DC | September 27, 2023 2:45:24 PM IST
According to new research, people with schizophrenia have a hereditary tendency to smoke and a lower genetic risk of obesity. The study, which was published in The American Journal of Psychiatry, discovered a genetic overlap between schizophrenia and CVD risk factors, specifically body mass index (BMI) and smoking. Environmental factors are important in the development of obesity and other CVD comorbidities, according to the findings.

Schizophrenia is associated with an increased risk of CVD and this study was aimed at better understanding the genetic overlap between the two. The research team, led by Linn Rdevand, Ph.D., with the Norwegian Center for Mental Disorders Research at the University of Oslo, analyzed recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) results to estimate the number of shared genetic variants and pinpoint specific shared locations. Extensive genetic overlap was found between schizophrenia and CVD risk factors, particularly smoking initiation and BMI. Several specific shared locations were also found between schizophrenia and waist-to-hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, lipids, and coronary artery disease.

The genetic overlap between schizophrenia and smoking behavior means that people with schizophrenia may be more affected by nicotines addictive properties, the authors note. In particular, patients with schizophrenia experience greater reinforcing effects of nicotine and more severe withdrawal symptoms during abstinence. In addition, they note that smoking may represent a form of self-medication . . . tobacco smoking in people with schizophrenia may involve, to some extent, an attempt to compensate for genetically determined dysfunction of nAChRs.

In line with previous evidence of higher prevalence of low BMI before the onset of schizophrenia, the study results also indicate that people with schizophrenia are genetically predisposed to lower BMI. However, obesity is also more common in individuals with schizophrenia than those in the general population. The findings indicate that factors other than common genetic variants play an important role in weight gain in schizophrenia, including adverse effects of antipsychotics and symptoms, depression, and socioeconomic challenges that contribute to unhealthy lifestyles. In addition, genetic factors likely play an important role in antipsychotic-induced weight gain.

The overlapping locations between schizophrenia and lipids, blood pressure, waist-to-hip ratio, type 2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease had mixed effect directions. This means that half of the genetic variants influencing schizophrenia were associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, while the other half were associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This may suggest that subgroups of people with schizophrenia vary in their genetic vulnerability to CVD, which can underlie some of the differences in CVD comorbidity, according to the authors. (ANI)

 
  LATEST COMMENTS ()
POST YOUR COMMENT
Comments Not Available
 
POST YOUR COMMENT
 
 
TRENDING TOPICS
 
 
CITY NEWS
MORE CITIES
 
 
 
MORE HEALTH NEWS
College of Fisheries Tripura conducts re...
Study identifies thousands of high-risk ...
More...
 
INDIA WORLD ASIA
Odisha: Governor Raghubar Das takes cogn...
Violence erupts in Tripura: Homes and sh...
Army Chief Gen Upendra Dwivedi visits HQ...
'Hamara Samvidhan Hamara Samman' portal ...
Muzaffarpur floods: Thousands cut off, s...
After Ram Ji's Ayodhya, we got Lord Vish...
More...    
 
 Top Stories
Uruguay finishes third in Copa Amer... 
Amitabh Bachchan seeks blessings fr... 
US President Joe Biden speaks with ... 
Ratna Bhandar of Shri Jagannath Tem... 
Special boxes brought to Shri Jagan... 
"There are no favourites": Spain he... 
"Wind is behind sails of INDIA bloc... 
Alec Baldwin issues first statement...