Saturday, February 24, 2024

Scientists discover new evidence to explain how humans pay attention
Science | September 23, 2023 7:47:21 PM IST
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) researchers have discovered fresh evidence regarding how chemicals released by brain cells influence our attention span. ... read..

Study uses magnetoresistance of MXene to predict distribution of molecules
Washington | September 23, 2023 7:47:09 PM IST
The magnetoresistance property of MXene has been utilised by researchers to develop a way to predict the distribution of molecules on the surface. ... read..

Patients with psoriasis have lower coronary flow: Study
Washington | September 23, 2023 12:43:40 PM IST
New research on the connection between severe psoriasis and coronary microvascular dysfunction suggested that those with severe psoriasis have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. ... read..

Climate change can be taught to migrating birds: Research
Washington DC | September 22, 2023 9:45:39 PM IST
Spring is arriving earlier as a result of climate change. Migratory birds, on the other hand, are not keeping up with these changes and arrive too late for the peak in food availability when it is time to reproduce. Researchers in Lund, Sweden, and the Ne ... read..

Colorful primates dont have better color vision: Study
Washington | September 22, 2023 2:47:55 PM IST
Researchers found that red skin and/or red-orange fur may be advantageous for use in social communication even in primate species with poor colour vision. ... read..

Sewage discharge is worse for rivers than agriculture: Study
England | September 21, 2023 4:15:58 PM IST
New research from the University of Oxford, published ahead of World Rivers Day (September 24), finds that sewage flow into rivers has a bigger influence on water quality and the animals and plants that live in rivers than surrounding land development. ... read..

Monkeys make a stink in response to human noise
London | September 21, 2023 4:15:33 PM IST
According to new research, monkeys increase their usage of scent markings in order to compensate for human noise pollution. ... read..

Study finds lower haematological cancer risk after bariatric surgery
Goteborg | September 21, 2023 11:14:47 AM IST
Previous research revealed that being overweight or obese is a risk factor for various forms of cancer. It is also known that obese women are more likely to develop cancer than their male counterparts, and the risk level reduces with intentional weight lo ... read..

Study finds how bats evolved to avoid cancer
England | September 21, 2023 12:15:32 AM IST
A new research published by Oxford University Press in Genome Biology and Evolution suggests that rapid evolution in bats may explain the animals' unique capacity to host and survive infections as well as avoid cancer. ... read..

Research reveals black holes eat faster than previously expected
Washington DC | September 21, 2023 12:15:18 AM IST
A new study led by Northwestern University is redefining how astrophysicists think about the eating habits of supermassive black holes. ... read..

Study finds how cognitive behavioral therapy comforts fibromyalgia pain experienced by brain
Massachusetts | September 20, 2023 10:17:41 PM IST
Patients suffering from fibromyalgia (FM), a disease that primarily affects women and is characterised by persistent pain, exhaustion, and brain fog, frequently have few therapeutic options and explanations for their symptoms. ... read..

Bright city lights in big cities causing smaller eyes in some birds: Study
Washington | September 20, 2023 10:17:20 PM IST
According to a new study, the bright lights of big cities may be causing an evolutionary adaption for smaller eyes in some birds. ... read..

Safer neighbourhoods may reducerisk of child abuse: Research
Washington DC | September 20, 2023 10:17:04 PM IST
Researchers have long suspected that neighbourhoods can be a source of risk or protection for children's well-being. A new Rutgers study backs up this theory, finding that when parents are stressed or depressed about their surroundings, they may have a mo ... read..

Scientists recover RNA from an extinct species for the first time
Washington | September 20, 2023 9:14:39 PM IST
A new study demonstrated the isolation and sequencing of RNA molecules from a Tasmanian tiger specimen kept at room temperature in a museum collection over a century ago. ... read..

Study reveals most critical issues for grizzly bear conservation
New Jersey | September 20, 2023 6:15:30 PM IST
Humans have a negative impact on the health of grizzly bear populations through top-down influences such as direct mortality associated with forestry roads (from conflict or illegal killings) and displacement from high-quality habitats, as well as botto ... read..

Study links severe psoriasis to higher risk for heart disease
New York | September 20, 2023 12:15:06 PM IST
Researchers have found that people with severe psoriasis are at higher cardiovascular risk in the largest investigation to date on the association between severe psoriasis and coronary microvascular dysfunction. ... read..

Study finds training guts immune system to fight harmful effects of emulsifiers in processed food
California | September 20, 2023 10:14:11 AM IST
In a new study, mice with immune systems that had been trained against the microbial protein flagellin did not experience the usual negative consequences of consuming food additive emulsifiers, pointing to a potential new strategy to battle many chronic i ... read..

Parents favour indoor physical education due to bad air quality: Study
Washington | September 18, 2023 11:45:42 PM IST
According to the University of Michigan Health C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health, two-thirds of parents had experienced at least one day with poor or dangerous air quality in their neighbourhood in the last two years. ... read..

Giant pandas living outside latitude of normal range are less active: Study
Washington | September 18, 2023 10:45:11 PM IST
Researchers found that pandas outside their latitude were less active, perhaps because daylight and temperature cues differed at different latitudes. ... read..

New research indicates that Moon might have less water than previously thought
Texas | September 18, 2023 9:44:30 PM IST
A team led by Dr Raluca Rufu of the Southwest Research Institute recently calculated that the majority of the Moon's permanently shadowed regions (PSRs) are at most 3.4 billion years old and can contain relatively fresh deposits of water ice. Water resour ... read..

Researchers find how work, enjoyment boost well-being
Washington DC | September 18, 2023 12:14:16 AM IST
According to a study conducted in three countries under the direction of Dr Paul Hanel of the Department of Psychology, people who prioritized performance over enjoyment experienced lower levels of satisfaction the following day. ... read..

Study challenges widely accepted theory on origin of Parkinson's disease
Illinois | September 17, 2023 11:15:09 PM IST
A recent study from Northwestern Medicine challenges a widely accepted theory on the origins of Parkinson's disease. ... read..

Electrons from Earth may be producing water on Moon: Study
Washington | September 17, 2023 8:14:26 PM IST
Scientists determined that high energy electrons in Earth's plasma sheet are contributing to weathering processes on the Moon's surface and may have contributed to the development of water on the lunar surface. ... read..

Study finds both high, normal-protein diets are effective for T2D management
Birmingham | September 17, 2023 8:14:17 PM IST
According to new research from the University of Alabama in Birmingham, the kind of protein in the diet is less relevant than the overall amount of weight loss in people with kind 2 diabetes. ... read..

Genetically modified bacteriadegrade plastics in saltwater: Study
Washington DC | September 17, 2023 7:16:11 PM IST
A marine bacterium has been genetically modified by researchers to break down plastic in saline water. The synthetic creature is capable of degrading polyethene terephthalate (PET), a plastic used in everything from water bottles to clothing that contribu ... read..

Ground-nesting birds build their nests to protect themselves from predators: Study
Washington | September 17, 2023 12:15:10 PM IST
Ground-nesting birds known as lapwings, according to new research, use the design of their nests and surroundings to hide from predators. ... read..

Study uncovers technology that enables integration of sensing, control in soft robotics
Washington | September 17, 2023 12:14:59 PM IST
Soft inflatable robots have emerged as a fascinating paradigm for applications that require inherent safety and adaptability. ... read..

Study gives more insight into inflammatory signs for adolescent depression
London | September 17, 2023 12:14:34 AM IST
Depression and the risk of depression are linked to different inflammatory proteins in boys and girls, says new research led by King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience (IoPPN). ... read..

Do you know guts with mature bacteria associated with less allergy-related wheezing, asthma in early childhood?
Milan | September 16, 2023 8:15:37 PM IST
Babies and early children with better-developed populations of gut bacteria are less likely to develop allergy-related wheezing or asthma, according to a study presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress in Milan, Italy. ... read..

Study uses brain imaging to investigate uncertainty processing in OCD
Washington | September 16, 2023 6:15:25 PM IST
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neurological ailment described by compulsive repetitive actions such as cleaning and checking even when there is evident objective confirmation that the environment is clean, organised, and proper. ... read..

Microorganisms can create electricity from wastewater: Study
Washington DC | September 16, 2023 4:16:22 PM IST
Researchers reported a major achievement in bioelectronics increasing the ability of common E. coli bacteria to generate energy. ... read..

Irisin-based medicines may aid in Alzheimer's disease treatment: Study
Massachusetts | September 16, 2023 4:16:08 PM IST
Researchers discovered promising results indicating that irisin-based medicines may aid in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. ... read..

Children growing up in towns have greater rates of respiratory illness: Study
Lausanne | September 16, 2023 4:15:41 PM IST
Researchers found that young children growing up in towns and cities have greater rates of respiratory illness than those growing up in the country. ... read..

Ground-nesting birds design their nests to hide from predators: Study
Washington | September 15, 2023 9:44:18 PM IST
According to new research, ground-nesting birds known as lapwings exploit the design of their nests and surroundings to hide from predators. ... read..

Study finds technology that enables integration of sensing, control in soft robotics
Washington | September 15, 2023 8:44:22 PM IST
Soft inflatable robots have emerged as an intriguing paradigm for applications requiring intrinsic safety and adaptability. ... read..

Poor neighbourhoods might have impact on one's health: Study
Washington | September 15, 2023 7:47:49 PM IST
Researchers revealed that environments that discourage physical activity, poor food quality, and increased consumption of calories from foods high in trans-fatty acids, all of which are common in underprivileged areas, disturb the brain's ability to proce ... read..

Timing is everything when it comes to starting a family: Research
Washington DC | September 15, 2023 12:44:31 PM IST
The review, carried out in collaboration with experts from Oxford University, the Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading, and the Princess Anne Hospital in Southampton, included seven randomised controlled trials including 2,464 women or couples who were try ... read..

Research reveals genetically modified bacteria break down plastics in saltwater
Washington DC | September 15, 2023 12:44:27 PM IST
Researchers have genetically modified a marine microbe to break down plastic in salt water. The engineered organism can specifically degrade polyethylene terephthalate (PET), a plastic used in everything from water bottles to garments that contributes sig ... read..

Study shows all work and no play makes for dull living
Washington DC | September 15, 2023 12:44:22 PM IST
A study, conducted in three nations and directed by Dr. Paul Hanel of the Department of Psychology, has revealed that persons who valued performance above enjoyment were less satisfied the next day. ... read..

Earth's electrons may be forming water on Moon: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 10:44:27 PM IST
A team of researchers discovered that high energy electrons in Earth's plasma sheet are contributing to weathering processes on the Moon's surface and that the electrons may have aided in the formation of water on the lunar surface. ... read..

Wild bees' development, health are hampered by lack of maternal care: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 9:45:01 PM IST
According to researchers, most wild bees are solitary, but one tiny species of carpenter bees meticulously cares for and raises their offspring, which results in significant benefits to the developing bee's microbiome, development, and health. ... read..

Early childhood malnutrition sets stage for poor growth: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 8:44:56 PM IST
The researchers found that malnutrition affects growth in the first two years of life, highlighting a devastating reality for millions of children in the Global South, particularly Asia. ... read..

People who put achievement ahead of enjoyment are less happy: Study
Washington | September 14, 2023 8:44:51 PM IST
Researchers discovered that people who prioritised achievement over enjoyment were less happy the next day. ... read..

DNA breakthrough detects genetic diversity of invasive fish: Research
New York | September 14, 2023 6:45:46 PM IST
Ecologists have proven that the genetic material that species shed into their environments can reveal not only the presence of the species but also a wide range of information about the genetics of whole populations information that may assist scientist ... read..

Wolves, dogs appear to remember where people hid food: Research
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 6:45:42 PM IST
In a research involving many wolves and dogs, both animals did better at finding hidden food if they had previously watched the food being hidden by a person, implying that they remembered where the food was and did not rely simply on scent to discover it ... read..

Cleaning products emit hundreds of hazardous chemicals: Study
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 6:44:53 PM IST
A peer-reviewed study conducted by Environmental Working Group experts discovered disturbing details regarding the potential health dangers of common household cleaning products. ... read..

Pollination by multiple bee species improves cherry harvest: Research
Washington DC | September 14, 2023 5:45:54 PM IST
Trees should be pollinated by both honey bees and mason bees for the best cherry harvest. A recent study performed by a University of Gothenburg professor demonstrates yet another advantage of biodiversity. ... read..

Some spiders may transfer mercury contamination to land animals: Study
Washington DC | September 13, 2023 11:46:24 PM IST
Many spiders sit patiently in their webs, waiting for prey to come to them. Arachnids that live near lakes and rivers eat aquatic insects like dragonflies. However, if these insects live in mercury-contaminated streams, the metal can be passed on to the s ... read..

Researchersdiscoverwhy,whenSahara Desert was green
Washington DC | September 13, 2023 10:44:19 PM IST
A major study has given new insight into North African humid periods that have occurred during the last 800,000 years, explaining why the Sahara Desert has been green at times. ... read..

Study finds how pneumococcal vaccines associated with fewer severe infections among children with sickle cell disease
Washington | September 12, 2023 11:45:37 PM IST
According to recent studies, the prevalence of invasive pneumococcal infection (IPD) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) has dramatically decreased after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines PCV7 and PCV13. ... read..

Surfactants may cause toxic chemicals in aerosols to last longer in air: Study
Birmingham | September 12, 2023 11:45:34 PM IST
Hazardous chemicals often seen in aerosols, such as those produced during cooking and cleaning, can be 'protected' in 3D structures made by surfactants, allowing them to stay longer in the air, according to research led by the University of Birmingham. ... read..

Plant-based food alternatives might help inshift to global sustainability: Study
Washington DC | September 12, 2023 9:45:31 PM IST
According to new research, replacing 50 per cent of meat and milk products with plant-based alternatives by 2050 can reduce agriculture and land use-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 31 per cent while also halting the deterioration of forest and n ... read..

River water quality declining worldwide as a result of climate change
Utrecht | September 12, 2023 8:44:21 PM IST
Our ability to manage water is severely threatened by climate change, more droughts, and more frequent rainstorms. Water quality as well as availability are under threat. ... read..

Researchers find combination of cancer inhibitors in slowing tumour growth
Hiroshima | September 12, 2023 8:44:06 PM IST
In individuals with specific malignancies, including as head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma, a combination of inhibitors has been shown to reduce tumour growth and prevent relapse. Their findings encourage the creation of novel t ... read..

Contamination residues still found in park built on former municipal incinerator sites: Study
Washington | September 12, 2023 4:44:06 PM IST
Many cities in the United States and Canada burnt their rubbish and waste in municipal incinerators during much of the last century. ... read..

New super-fast flood model has potential to save lives: Study
Melbourne | September 12, 2023 2:43:46 PM IST
Researchers found a new model that has the potential to significantly improve emergency response by lowering flood forecasting time from hours to days and allowing flood behaviour to be reliably anticipated at super-fast speeds as an event unfolds. ... read..

Study finds link between exercise-induced hormone irisin, Alzheimers disease
Massachusetts | September 11, 2023 9:43:57 PM IST
The first 3D human cell culture models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that exhibit the two main symptoms of the diseasethe formation of amyloid beta deposits followed by tau tangleswere created previously. Researchers are now using their model to examine ... read..

Researchers develop technique for bladder transplantation in humans
Pennsylvania | September 11, 2023 8:43:50 PM IST
A series of pre-clinical studies provide important first steps in developing techniques of robotic bladder transplantation in humans. ... read..

Exhaled breath offers hope for the early detection of malignant pleural mesothelioma
Colorado | September 11, 2023 7:44:00 PM IST
Identifying and analyzing volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma showed promise as a screening method for MPM. ... read..

Scientists detect sea star hybridization in North Atlantic Ocean
New York | September 11, 2023 4:45:33 PM IST
In the chilly waters of the North Atlantic Ocean, scientists have long speculated that two kinds of sea starscommonly known as starfishfound along the rocky coastlines of Europe and North America may have interbred. ... read..

'Brainless' robot can overcome difficult challenges: Study
Washington | September 11, 2023 4:45:29 PM IST
Researchers who developed a soft robot that could navigate simple mazes without human or computer guidance have now expanded on their work to develop a 'brainless' soft robot capable of navigating more complicated and dynamic surroundings. ... read..

Sorghum bran is more potent than whole grain: Study
Washington | September 11, 2023 3:46:15 PM IST
Researchers discovered that sorghum bran contains significantly more important amino acids and minerals than whole grain or dehulled sorghum flour. ... read..

Researchers take step towards reliably processing quantum information
Washington | September 11, 2023 3:46:07 PM IST
Researchers have found the most robust way for controlling individual qubits made of the chemical element barium using laser light. The capacity to manipulate a qubit reliably is a significant step towards realising future functioning quantum computers. ... read..

Researchers develop new test to detect early stages of tooth decay at home
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 5:44:04 PM IST
A novel product developed by researchers at the University of Cincinnati can alert consumers to the early stages of tooth decay brought on by conditions like gingivitis and periodontitis. ... read..

Study highlights feasibility, optimization of ammonia-based power generation for carbon neutrality
Ulsan | September 10, 2023 3:44:43 PM IST
Due to its intrinsic carbon-free nature, ammonia is emerging as a possible energy source for achieving carbon neutrality. ... read..

Study finds microscopic imaging devices may gather data on material structure
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 12:46:33 PM IST
Researchers have created a technique that uses machine learning with a human in the loop to automatically recognise and measure a material's microstructure from microscopic photographs. ... read..

Study shows how microdevices can be used to treat brain cancer
Massachusetts | September 10, 2023 11:45:58 AM IST
The innovative device, which is the size and shape of a grain of rice, can perform hundreds of studies at the same time to examine the impact of novel treatments on some of the most difficult-to-treat brain tumours. ... read..

Study highlights significance of grasses in preventing climate change
Washington DC | September 10, 2023 11:45:39 AM IST
Initiatives to halt risky trends have been prompted by the growing effects of global warming, frequently by planting trees to absorb and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. ... read..

Study reveals how trees influence cloud formation
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 11:14:45 PM IST
Researchers at PSI have identified sesquiterpenes - gaseous hydrocarbons generated by plants - as a crucial contributor in cloud formation as part of the multinational CLOUD project at the nuclear research facility CERN. This discovery could help to reduc ... read..

Recent development paves path for a new kindof quantum communication: Research
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 6:15:37 PM IST
A new type of random number generator for encryption developed at Linkping University in Sweden can make sharing safer, more inexpensive, and less harmful to the environment. ... read..

Researchers suggest Musashi-2 controls skeletal muscle composition
Tokyo | September 9, 2023 5:13:55 PM IST
Musashi-2 (Msi2) is a major player in the control of skeletal muscle metabolism and mass, according to research from Tokyo Metropolitan University. They observed lower muscle mass in mice that had the Msi2 gene knocked out due to a lack of type 2a muscul ... read..

Study gives more insight into head, neck cancer patients resistance to chemotherapy
Washington | September 9, 2023 4:15:49 PM IST
Two new genes have been discovered by Queen Mary University of London researchers that render people with head and neck cancer resistant to chemotherapy. Cancer cells that were previously resistant to chemotherapy can now respond to it by silencing one o ... read..

Study sheds more light on 'Atlantification' of Arctic Ocean
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 12:14:46 PM IST
Researchers have discovered the source of the Arctic Ocean's sea ice decline. The findings indicate that stronger declines in sea ice will occur when an atmospheric feature known as the Arctic dipole reverses itself in its recurring cycle. ... read..

Poor water quality has negative impact on socially vulnerable communities: Study
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 12:14:42 PM IST
A recent analysis of the links between poor drinking water quality and social vulnerability in the United States, published in IOP Publishing's journal Environmental Research Letters, reveals that these violations disproportionately damage the most vulner ... read..

Study sheds more light on early pancreatic cells' behaviour
Washington | September 9, 2023 12:14:15 PM IST
Different cells in our pancreas perform critical functions in blood sugar regulation. The gene neurogenin 3 (NEUROG3) is discovered in pancreatic cells and its mutant version may induce diabetes. ... read..

People with lung conditions face more risks from climate change: Study
Washington DC | September 9, 2023 11:15:45 AM IST
People with lung problems such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) face even larger risks from climate change, according to research. ... read..

Researchers find how fiber from crustaceans, insects, mushrooms promote digestion
Washington | September 9, 2023 8:14:35 AM IST
A crunchy critter's digestion begins with the noisy grinding of its tough protective covering - the exoskeleton. According to a new study in mice conducted by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, the hard cover may be beneficial to metab ... read..

Study suggests energy-efficient method of capturing and transforming CO2
Cambridge | September 9, 2023 12:17:00 AM IST
In the fight to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, MIT scientists are turning to carbon-capture technology to decarbonize the most intractable industrial emitters. ... read..

Study reveals how bright-light treatment improves sleep in stressed mice
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 8:17:02 PM IST
Sleep disturbance is linked to chronic stress. In their current study, Lu Huang and colleagues uncover the brain circuit behind this behaviour and explain how bright-light treatment may combat it. The study was carried out in mice at Jinan University in C ... read..

Researchers discover how specialized T cells in brain slow progression of Alzheimers disease
Washington | September 8, 2023 2:14:13 PM IST
Alzheimer's disease, a neurological disorder characterised with progressive cognitive decline, including memory loss, affects up to 5.8 million Americans today. Protein aggregates, made up of beta-amyloid or other proteins, occur in the brains of Alzheim ... read..

Beaver activity boosts methane greenhouse gas emissions: Study
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 2:14:03 PM IST
The climate-driven migration of beavers into the Arctic tundra is releasing more methane, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere. ... read..

Climate change may permanently alter mountain forests: Study
Washington DC | September 8, 2023 12:17:11 PM IST
Future forests may be unrecognisable as a result of the climate crisis. Trees that presently make up European woodlands may no longer be visible or they may have shifted several hundred metres uphill. ... read..

Researchers aims to develop new way to treat ischemic stroke
Washington | September 8, 2023 9:15:50 AM IST
The University of Tennessee Health Science Centre is conducting research to find a novel technique to treat ischemic stroke, which is the top cause of mortality in people globally. ... read..

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