Sunday, March 26, 2023

Researchers reveal therapeutic strategy to kill cancer cell
Washington | February 12, 2023 7:33:03 PM IST
Gene mutations are the cause of cancer. Tumor suppressors and oncogenes are the two main groups of these altered genes in cancer. Mutations in oncogenes can drive cell proliferation, pushing the gas pedal all the way to the floor, whereas mutations in tum ... read..

Study reveals how new way to rearrange store products could boost impulse buying
Washington | February 12, 2023 5:33:28 PM IST
Merchants can enhance new shop layouts based on customer familiarity with where their favourite items used to be by using a data-driven strategy for routinely moving products. ... read..

AI detects breast cancer chemotherapy effectiveness: Study
Waterloo | February 12, 2023 3:04:37 PM IST
Engineers at the University of Waterloo created artificial intelligence (AI) technology to predict whether chemotherapy before surgery would be beneficial for women with breast cancer. ... read..

Research reveals thermal instability of solar cells
Washington | February 12, 2023 3:04:30 PM IST
A new type of solar technology has seemed promising in recent years. Halide perovskite solar cells are both high-performing and low-cost for producing electrical energy - two necessary ingredients for any successful solar technology of the future. But new ... read..

How deep ocean microbes survive without sunlight? Research finds
Melbourne | February 12, 2023 2:35:07 PM IST
New research indicates that chemosynthesis (growth utilising inorganic substances) supports bacteria in the deepest areas of the water without sunshine. ... read..

Carbon emissions from fertilisers can be cut 80% by 2050
London | Sunday, 2023 2:45:09 AM IST
A team of researchers has found that carbon emissions could be reduced to one-fifth of current levels, or 80 per cent, by 2050. ... read..

Study: Solution for imbalance in gut microbiome that worsens 'Graft versus host disease'
Washington | February 11, 2023 10:04:03 PM IST
A study discovered that changes in the gut microbiota are associated with an increase in oxygen levels in the intestine after immune-mediated intestinal injury. Reducing intestinal oxygen levels pharmacologically eased the microbial imbalance and reduced ... read..

Research finds how long-term memory's "construction site" gets built inside brain
Washington | February 11, 2023 4:03:06 PM IST
Think of a new longer-term memory as a construction site inside the brain. The brain's neurons restructure themselves and build or demolish connections with other neurons to store the memory for retrieval when needed. ... read..

Research sheds light on therapeutic strategy to kill cancer cells
Washington | February 11, 2023 4:02:54 PM IST
Cancer is a disease driven by gene mutations. These mutated genes in cancer fall into two major categories: tumour suppressors and oncogenes. Mutations in tumour suppressor genes can allow tumours to grow unchecked - a case of no brakes - while mutations ... read..

Study explores how microbes in the deep ocean survive without sunlight
Melbourne | February 11, 2023 3:34:47 PM IST
A new study published in the journal Nature Microbiology by Monash University researchers indicates that chemosynthesis (growth utilising inorganic substances) supports bacteria in the deepest areas of the water without sunshine. ... read..

Reddit hacked in sophisticated, highly-targeted phishing attack
New Delhi | Saturday, 2023 4:15:09 AM IST
Online discussion forum Reddit on Friday confirmed that its systems were hacked as a result of a sophisticated and highly-targeted phishing attack. ... read..

What's the India connection of OpenAI CTO Mira Murati?
San Francisco | Saturday, 2023 1:15:12 AM IST
Mira Murati, the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of OpenAI, the company that created the ChatGPT AI-powered chatbot, recently expressed her concerns about its misuse. ... read..

Extracts from two wild plants restrain Covid-19 virus: Study
Atlanta | February 10, 2023 11:32:45 PM IST
An Emory University study discovered that extracts from two common wild plants decrease the capacity of the virus that causes Covid-19 to infect live cells. The findings were published in Scientific Reports as the first large screening of botanical extrac ... read..

New study in abiotic peptide chain tries to explain the origin of life
Washington | February 10, 2023 11:03:48 PM IST
The origin of life is still the biggest mystery of mankind. One of the prerequisites for the emergence of life is the abiotic - not by living beings caused chemical - production and polymerization of amino acids, the building blocks of life. "Two scenario ... read..

2.9-million-year-old butchery site reopens case of who made first stone tools
Washington | February 10, 2023 1:34:31 PM IST
According to new research led by researchers with the National Museums of Kenya, Liverpool John Moores University, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, and the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, early human ancestors used some of the ol ... read..

BharatPe refutes Ashneer's claim that 150 mn users' data breached
New Delhi | Friday, 2023 2:45:10 AM IST
Fintech platform BharatPe on Thursday termed the allegations levelled by its former Managing Director and Co-founder Ashneer Grover about data leak at the company as "malicious and completely baseless". ... read..

Russia launches cargo ship to int'l space station
Moscow | Friday, 2023 1:45:09 AM IST
Russia has successfully launched the Progress MS-22 cargo spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) on Thursday, Russia's state space corporation Roscosmos said. ... read..

1 Indian firm paying Rs 8.2 cr for email-driven cyber attack
New Delhi | Friday, 2023 1:45:09 AM IST
Indian organisations are among the most likely to be hit with a successful email attack, and those affected faced an average potential cost of over $1 million (approx Rs 8.2 crore) for their most expensive attack, a new report said on Thursday. ... read..

New research suggests drought accelerated collapse of Hittite Empire
New York | February 9, 2023 12:03:37 PM IST
The collapse of the Hittite Empire in the Late Bronze Age has been blamed on various factors, from war with other territories to internal strife. Now, a Cornell University team has used tree ring and isotope records to pinpoint a more likely culprit: thre ... read..

Research finds if space dust could help protect earth from climate change
Boston | February 9, 2023 9:02:51 AM IST
The warmth of the sun is wonderful on a cold winter day. However, as humanity generates more greenhouse gases, the Earth's atmosphere retains more and more of the sun's energy, causing the Earth's temperature to rise constantly. One approach to correcting ... read..

ISRO conducts initial trials of human space mission crew module recovery
Chennai | Thursday, 2023 2:15:09 AM IST
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Indian Navy carried out initial recovery trials of the crew module as a part of the former's human space mission tests. ... read..

Check out how artificial sweetener becomes wastewater tracer
Vienna | February 8, 2023 9:34:14 PM IST
Acesulfame is a sugar substitute found in sugar-free beverages and meals. Because it cannot be metabolised in the human body, the sweetener is excreted in wastewater and remains essentially intact even in sewage treatment plants. ... read..

Check out how ancient extreme climate affect sand in deep sea
Washington | February 8, 2023 9:03:36 PM IST
The sedimentary cycle - erosion from mountains that generates sand that is taken out to the ocean - is of particular interest to geologists since it is fundamental to understanding how the planet operates. ... read..

Sea turtles can adapt to rapidly changing world due to surprise changes in genes: Study
Washington | February 8, 2023 4:34:20 PM IST
Around 100 million years ago, a group of land-dwelling turtles took to the oceans, eventually evolving into the sea turtles that we know today. However, the genetic foundations that have enabled them to thrive in oceans throughout the world have remained ... read..

Research suggests playing video game causes no harm to cognitive abilities in young children
Washington | February 8, 2023 4:04:22 PM IST
New research findings challenge the fears parents have been hearing for years that children who spend hour after hour playing video games, or choose games of certain genres, would manifest unhealthy results in their cognitive ability. ... read..

Scientists detect molten rock layer hidden under Earth's tectonic plates
Texas | February 8, 2023 5:03:44 AM IST
Scientists have discovered a new layer of partly molten rock under the Earth's crust that might help settle a long-standing debate about how tectonic plates move. ... read..

OnePlus launches flagship smartphone 11 5G, TV in India
New Delhi | Wednesday, 2023 4:45:09 AM IST
Global smartphone brand OnePlus on Tuesday launched its new flagship smartphone, 11 5G, and its latest TV, 65 Q2 Pro, in India. ... read..

AI enhances lung nodules detection on chest x-rays: Study
Washington | February 7, 2023 11:03:27 PM IST
Researchers discovered that artificial intelligence (AI)-based software significantly improved the detection of lung nodules on chest X-rays in a groundbreaking, randomised controlled study. The study's findings were published in Radiology, a journal publ ... read..

Study: Artificial intelligence detect effectiveness of breast cancer chemotherapy
Waterloo | February 7, 2023 8:03:18 PM IST
Artificial intelligence (AI) technology has been developed by engineers at the University of Waterloo to determine whether chemotherapy before surgery would be beneficial for people with breast cancer. ... read..

Study explores how "construction site" of long-term memory gets built in brain
Washington | February 7, 2023 3:34:04 PM IST
Think of a new longer-term memory as a construction site inside the brain. The brain's neurons restructure themselves and build or demolish connections with other neurons to store the memory for retrieval when needed. ... read..

Here's why microbes in the deep ocean live without sunlight
Melbourne | February 7, 2023 1:33:49 PM IST
It has always been a mystery of how bacteria develop in the deepest areas of the water without sunshine. A new study published in the journal Nature Microbiology by Monash University researchers indicates that chemosynthesis (growth utilising inorganic su ... read..

PwC to create 30K new jobs in India in next 5 years
New Delhi | Tuesday, 2023 1:45:09 AM IST
Amid the layoff season, global consultancy firm PwC on Monday said that it will add 30,000 new jobs in India in the next five years. ... read..

Study: Having quality conversation with a friend can boost daily well-being
Kansas | February 7, 2023 12:03:20 AM IST
Just talking to a friend once during the day to catch up, fun banter or tell them you're thinking of them can boost your happiness and reduce your stress level by the end of the day. ... read..

Study reveals antibody therapy for treating liver disease
Solna | February 6, 2023 10:32:20 PM IST
There is presently no medication available to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which affects many patients with type 2 diabetes and can lead to other serious liver illnesses. A therapeutic candidate for the treatment of fatty liver has been identi ... read..

Soil tainted by air pollution releases carbon: Research
Washington | February 5, 2023 11:33:15 PM IST
According to New UC Riverside research, nitrogen released by gas-powered machines causes dry soil to let go of carbon and release it back into the atmosphere, where it can contribute to climate change. ... read..

Read how mating causes 'jet lag' in female fruit flies
Washington | February 5, 2023 11:32:56 PM IST
An innovative technique from Cornell University researchers discovered that seminal fluid protein which is transferred from male to female fruit flies during mating changes the expression of genes related to the fly's circadian clock. ... read..

New technology might help inform brain stimulation: Research
Washington | February 5, 2023 5:32:44 AM IST
Deep brain stimulation (DBS), a type of brain stimulation, is an effective treatment for neurological and psychiatric problems. Although it has helped patients with Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and addiction for more than ten years, the underlying neural mec ... read..

Coconuts, peanuts mark the journey of Indo-US NISAR satellite from US to India
Chennai | Sunday, 2023 3:45:09 AM IST
Officials of two space agencies - Indias ISRO and the NASA of the US - followed their respective traditions at the send off ceremony of NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) - an Earth science satellite being jointly built by NASA and the Indian Spac ... read..

Research: Brain health can decline due to poor oral health
Dallas | February 4, 2023 4:34:39 PM IST
Taking care of your teeth and gums may have benefits beyond oral health, such as increasing brain function, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2023. ... read..

Researchers suggest human brain organoids when transplanted into adult rats
Washington | February 4, 2023 4:34:34 PM IST
Brain organoids, which are collections of lab-grown neurons, have been demonstrated to integrate with rat brains and respond to visual stimuli like flashing lights. ... read..

Researchers reveal how lifetime exposure to estrogen affect stroke risk
Minneapolis | February 4, 2023 3:32:38 PM IST
A recent study found that those with a lower risk of stroke may have been exposed to higher oestrogen overall. It has been demonstrated that the risk of ischemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage has decreased. ... read..

Do sleep medications increase your chances of dementia? Study finds
Washington | February 4, 2023 3:03:42 PM IST
Sleep medications increase dementia risk in white population but the type and quantity of the medication may be factors in explaining the higher risk, suggests the findings of a recent study. ... read..

New breakthrough made in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: Research
Washington | February 4, 2023 2:33:26 PM IST
The results of a study on osteoblasts that damage joint bones in patients with rheumatoid arthritis were recently announced by a research team, led by Professor Sung Ho Park in the Department of Biological Sciences at UNIST. ... read..

New study sheds light on how 'Earth's thermostat' regulates climate
Washington | February 4, 2023 7:03:23 AM IST
Weathering is the process by which rocks, rain, and carbon dioxide help govern the Earth's climate over thousands of years, much like a thermostat. A new study performed by Penn State scientists could help us better understand how this thermostat reacts t ... read..

Molecular machines might treat fungal infections: Study
Washington | February 4, 2023 4:32:17 AM IST
Thanks to nanoscale drills activated by visible light, the stubborn athlete's foot infection that an estimated 70% of people experience at some point in their lives may become much easier to treat. ... read..

IIT Hyderabad's Raindrop Research Facility to help precision prediction of rainfall
Hyderabad | Saturday, 2023 2:45:09 AM IST
The Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH) has established a Raindrop Research Facility (RRF) for simulating atmospheric conditions from the clouds to the ground in order to better predict rainfall. ... read..

New cancer treatment inspired by latte foam, gummy bears
Iowa | February 3, 2023 10:32:47 AM IST
Researchers at the University of Iowa are developing novel, biocompatible materials that could enhance the efficacy of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer. These materials were inspired by the foam on top of lattes, as well as g ... read..

Study links use of electric vehicles with lower air pollution, better health
Washington | February 3, 2023 4:32:50 AM IST
Electric vehicles are touted as a crucial tool for reducing emissions and combating climate change, but research on the dual advantages of lower air pollution and better health has been largely speculative. ... read..

Samsung Galaxy Book3 Series starts from Rs 1,09,990 in India
New Delhi | Friday, 2023 1:45:09 AM IST
Samsung on Thursday announced the launch of its flagship PC lineup with Galaxy Book3 Series at a starting price of Rs 1,09,990 in India. ... read..

Study reveals water crises due to climate change is more severe than previously thought
Washington | February 3, 2023 12:03:22 AM IST
Climate change alters the global atmospheric circulation, which in turn alters precipitation and evaporation in large parts of the world and, in consequence, the amount of river water that can be used locally. ... read..

New path toward 'quantum light' devised by researchers
Washington | February 3, 2023 12:03:19 AM IST
Researchers have theorised a new mechanism to generate high-energy 'quantum light', which could be used to investigate new properties of matter at the atomic scale. ... read..

Study: Human brain organoids when transplanted into adult rats respond to visual stimuli
Washington | February 2, 2023 11:32:15 PM IST
Researchers have shown that brain organoids--clumps of lab-grown neurons--can integrate with rat brains and respond to visual stimulation like flashing lights. ... read..

Study finds lifetime exposure to estrogen affect stroke risk
Minneapolis | February 2, 2023 3:32:50 PM IST
According to a recent study, people who have been exposed to more estrogen overall may have a lower risk of stroke. Both ischemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage were shown to have a reduced risk. ... read..

Pregnancy complications linked to higher risk of heart disease
Washington | February 2, 2023 12:33:36 PM IST
Women who experience any of five major pregnancy complications, such as preterm birth and pre-eclampsia, show an increased risk of ischemic heart disease up to 46 years after delivery. ... read..

Samsung unveils premium Galaxy S23 series, next-gen laptops
New Delhi | Thursday, 2023 5:15:09 AM IST
Marking a new era of Samsung Galaxy's ultimate premium phone experience, the South Korean giant on Wednesday unveiled Galaxy S23 Ultra (with an embedded S Pen), Galaxy S23+ and Galaxy S23 smartphones globally. ... read..

Weight loss could be early predictor of Alzheimer's disease in Down syndrome individuals: Research
Washington | February 2, 2023 12:02:58 AM IST
Unintentional weight loss in people with Down syndrome may predict the onset of Alzheimer's disease long before typical cognitive symptoms like memory loss and dementia are apparent. ... read..

Research finds soil tainted by air pollution releases carbon
Washington | February 1, 2023 9:33:16 PM IST
New UC Riverside research suggests nitrogen released by gas-powered machines causes dry soil to let go of carbon and release it back into the atmosphere, where it can contribute to climate change, suggests the findings of UC Riverside's new research. ... read..

White-tailed deer harbor nearly extinct SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern
Ithaca (New York) | February 1, 2023 4:02:34 PM IST
The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from humans to white-tailed deer (WTD) and its ability to transmit from deer to deer raised concerns about the role of WTD in the epidemiology and ecology of the virus. ... read..

Hiring discrimination persists in Western coun, says Studytries
Evanston (Illinois) | February 1, 2023 12:02:47 PM IST
Trends in discrimination are critical to evaluate the extent to which Western societies are (or are not) achieving the fundamental goal of ensuring fair and equal treatment regardless of race and ethnicity. ... read..

George Kurian-run Cloud firm NetApp to lay off 8% of workforce
San Francisco | Wednesday, 2023 4:45:09 AM IST
Indian-origin George Kurian-run Cloud software company NetApp on Tuesday announced it is laying off 8 per cent of its workforce globally, citing "macroeconomic challenges and the reduced spending environment" in the market. ... read..

Aquatic organisms respond to flooding, drought disturbance in different ways: Research
Pennsylvania | February 1, 2023 4:02:16 AM IST
According to a recent study led by Penn State that used a unique method to evaluate the stability of stream ecosystems, populations of different species of aquatic insects and other invertebrates react to flooding and channel drying as a result of drought ... read..

Scientists release new accurate map of all matter in universe
Chicago | February 1, 2023 3:32:56 AM IST
Sometimes you need to first locate the issue in order to identify it. ... read..

Samsung set to launch Galaxy S23 series, Book 3 lineup
San Francisco | Wednesday, 2023 2:45:10 AM IST
Tech giant Samsung will launch the Galaxy S23 series alongside Galaxy Book 3 lineup at its much-awaited 'Galaxy Unpacked' event on Wednesday. ... read..

Red Hat, Oracle to help organisations boost their digital transformation
New Delhi | Wednesday, 2023 2:15:09 AM IST
Open source solution provider Red Hat and Cloud major Oracle on Tuesday announced a multi-stage alliance to offer customers a greater choice of operating systems to run on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI). ... read..

Life-threatening fungal infections target of novel vaccine: Research
Science | February 1, 2023 12:02:38 AM IST
A new vaccine from the University of Georgia could be the first clinically approved immunization to protect against invasive fungal infections, a growing concern as antifungal drug resistance increases. ... read..

Artificial intelligence helps to identify high-affinity antibody drugs
San Diego (California) | January 31, 2023 3:33:36 PM IST
A method for finding high-affinity antibody therapeutics that is based on artificial intelligence (AI) has been created by researchers at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine. ... read..

Study: Genetic diversity among species reduces climate change vulnerability
Washington | January 30, 2023 11:33:00 PM IST
Genetic diversity is the building block that allows populations to vary in response to environmental changes, hence the more diversity, the better. ... read..

Researchers find new way to improve storage time of quantum information
Cambridge | January 30, 2023 3:33:02 AM IST
As part of the global push for practical quantum networks and quantum computers, an international team of scientists has made a breakthrough in retaining the quantum coherence of quantum dot spin qubits. ... read..

Stability of perovskite solar cells reaches next milestone
Berlin | January 30, 2023 3:32:59 AM IST
The halide perovskite material class is a major opportunity for even greater solar electricity at much lower costs. The materials are very inexpensive, can be manufactured into thin films with little energy input, and already attain much greater efficienc ... read..

How species adapt: Ancestral variation guides future environmental adaptations
Bangor | January 30, 2023 3:32:57 AM IST
The rate of environmental change is quite difficult for wild creatures. Individual plants and animals can potentially modify their biology to better cope with new challenges when exposed to a new environment; this is known as phenotypic plasticity. ... read..

Industrial waste can be repurposed into profit, suggest study
Washington | January 30, 2023 12:01:51 AM IST
Scientists have taken the first step at estimating the best large-scale uses for food processing waste, first analyzing its contents and, based on those findings, proposing production opportunities ranging from sustainable fuels, biogas and electricity to ... read..

Study reveals adult brain contains millions of silent synapses
Massachusetts | January 30, 2023 12:01:48 AM IST
The adult brain contains millions of "silent synapses," which are immature connections between neurons that remain inactive until they are recruited to help form new memories, according to MIT neuroscientists. ... read..

Study shows triassic fossils that reveal origins of living amphibians
Washington | January 29, 2023 10:33:53 PM IST
The smallest of newly found fossils can upend what palaeontologists know about our history. ... read..

Researchers reveal short-term exposure to air pollution has rapid impacts on brain
Washington | January 29, 2023 9:33:02 PM IST
According to a new study, common levels of traffic pollution can impair human brain function in just a few hours. The study was the first to demonstrate, in a controlled experiment using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), that diesel exhaust in ... read..

High fat diet reduce brain's ability to regulate food intake
Washington | January 29, 2023 9:04:34 PM IST
Regularly eating a high fat/calorie diet could reduce the brain's ability to regulate calorie intake. New research in rats found that after short periods of being fed a high fat/high calorie diet, the brain adapts to react to what is being ingested and re ... read..

New species of microalgae was found in water from a home aquarium
Washington | January 29, 2023 9:04:26 PM IST
A new species of microalgae was found in water from a home aquarium. While analyzing DNA samples taken from the algae, researchers from the University of Tokyo discovered Medakamo hakoo, whose DNA sequence didn't match any on record. This new species is t ... read..

Reef fish find it harder to locate rivals due to coral bleaching: Study
Washington | January 29, 2023 9:04:17 PM IST
Mass coral bleaching events are making it harder for some species of reef fish to identify competitors, new research reveals. Scientists studying reefs across five Indo-Pacific regions found that the ability of butterflyfish individuals to identify compet ... read..

Link found between multiple sclerosis lesions, depression: Research
Boston | January 29, 2023 12:02:51 AM IST
There seems to be a link between two serious medical disorders. Globally, millions of individuals suffer from multiple sclerosis (MS), a condition that attacks the body's central nervous system, while hundreds of millions of people suffer from depression, ... read..

Research: Childhood trauma associated with civic environmental engagement later in life
Washington | January 29, 2023 12:02:36 AM IST
Childhood trauma might lead an individual to volunteer, donate money, or contact their elected officials about environmental issues later in life, according to new research published in Scientific Reports. ... read..

Researchers find regulating immunological memory might help immune system fight disease
Missouri | January 29, 2023 12:02:33 AM IST
Scientists have long worked to better understand the immunological responses of the human body throughout various diseases, such as cancer and inflammatory diseases. ... read..

Study reveal new way to find stress in complex fluids
Indiana | January 28, 2023 11:02:37 PM IST
Researchers studying fluid dynamics employ a variety of methods to examine turbulent flows, such as ocean currents or the turbulent atmosphere of other planets. The research team led by Arezoo Adrekani has found that a mathematical tool utilised in these ... read..

Study proposes profitable ways to repurpose industrial waste
Washington | January 28, 2023 8:03:04 PM IST
Scientists have taken the first step at estimating the best large-scale uses for food processing waste, first analyzing its contents and, based on those findings, proposing production opportunities ranging from sustainable fuels, biogas and electricity to ... read..

Study: Plasma thrusters used on satellites could be much more powerful
Washington | January 28, 2023 8:03:01 PM IST
It was believed that Hall thrusters, an efficient kind of electric propulsion widely used in orbit, need to be large to produce a lot of thrusts. Now, a new study from the University of Michigan suggests that smaller Hall thrusters can generate much more ... read..

Supplementation with amino acid serine eases neuropathy in diabetic mice: Study
Washington | January 28, 2023 7:32:34 PM IST
Approximately half of the people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes experience peripheral neuropathy -- weakness, numbness, and pain, primarily in the hands and feet. The condition occurs when high levels of sugar circulating in the blood damage peripheral ne ... read..

Starry tail tells tale of dwarf galaxy evolution: Research
Washington | January 28, 2023 7:32:24 PM IST
A giant diffuse tail of stars has been discovered emanating from a large, faint dwarf galaxy. A tail indicates that the galaxy has experienced recent interaction with another galaxy. This is an important clue for understanding how so-called "ultra-diffuse ... read..

Mercury helps to detail Earth's most massive extinction event: Research
Connecticut | January 28, 2023 4:01:34 AM IST
The Latest Permian Mass Extinction (LPME), which killed between 80 and 90 per cent of all life on Earth, was the biggest extinction in Earth's history to date. However, scientists have been unable to identify the precise reason for the abrupt climate chan ... read..

Study finds ancestral variation guides future environmental adaptations
Washington | January 28, 2023 12:01:55 AM IST
For wild creatures, the rate of environmental change presents significant difficulties. When exposed to a new environment individual plants and animals can potentially adjust their biology to better cope with new pressures they are exposed to - this is kn ... read..

Origin of Earth's volatile chemicals liked to meteorites: Research
Washington | January 28, 2023 12:01:49 AM IST
By analysing meteorites, researchers from the Imperial College of London have uncovered the likely far-flung origin of Earth's volatile chemicals, some of which form the building blocks of life. ... read..

Researchers suggest immunological medication to treat early type 1 diabetes
Gothenburg | January 27, 2023 11:33:31 PM IST
An approved medication for the treatment of psoriasis is now starting a significant clinical investigation. Patients who have just received a type 1 diabetes diagnosis will test the medication. According to the theory, the medication might maintain the pa ... read..

AI technology creates new proteins from scratch: Research
Washington | January 27, 2023 7:01:56 PM IST
Scientists have developed an AI system capable of creating artificial enzymes from scratch. In laboratory experiments, some of these enzymes worked as well as those found in nature, even though their artificially created amino acid sequences differed wide ... read..

'Friend or foe' bacteria kill algal hosts when coexisting is no longer beneficial
Washington | January 27, 2023 4:02:00 PM IST
Scientists have detailed a lifestyle switch that occurs in marine bacteria, where they change from coexisting with algae hosts in a mutually beneficial interaction to suddenly killing them. The results are published today in eLife. ... read..

Study suggests brief exposure to air pollution has rapid impacts on brain
Washington | January 27, 2023 4:01:50 PM IST
A new study has shown that common levels of traffic pollution can impair human brain function in only a matter of hours. The study was the first to show in a controlled experiment using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that exposure to diesel ... read..

Neuronal molecule makes prostate cancer more aggressive: Research
Washington | January 27, 2023 4:01:47 PM IST
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among American men. Now, researchers have discovered critical molecular players that drive prostate cancer to progress into a highly aggressive form of neuroendo ... read..

Research suggests young chimpanzees and human teens share risk-taking behaviours
Washington | January 27, 2023 4:01:44 PM IST
Adolescent chimpanzees share some of the same risk-taking behaviours as human teens, but they may be less impulsive than their human counterparts, according to research published by the American Psychological Association. Does the study get at age-old nat ... read..

Research explains strength of earthquake shaking in Nenana Basin
Alaska | January 27, 2023 4:31:29 AM IST
Because of the nature of seismic waves after they reach the area, earthquakes in the Nenana Basin region of Interior Alaska persist longer and feel significantly stronger than quakes of equivalent magnitude in non-basin regions. ... read..

Reviews explore impacts of Amazon deforestation
Washington | January 27, 2023 3:04:03 AM IST
Researchers emphasize the quick and dramatic changes occurring in the Amazon as a result of growing human activities in two distinct reviews. They examine what is known about the drivers and consequences of the region's continuous deforestation and landsc ... read..

Study: Slower memory decline in older adults linked to healthy lifestyle
Washington | January 27, 2023 12:01:54 AM IST
A healthy lifestyle, in particular a healthy diet, is associated with slower memory decline, finds a decade-long study of older adults in China, published in The BMJ. ... read..

Study: Head injury is associated with doubled mortality rate long-term
Washington | January 26, 2023 8:02:10 PM IST
Adults who suffered any head injury during a 30-year study period had two times the rate of mortality than those who did not have any head injury, and mortality rates among those with moderate or severe head injuries were nearly three times higher, accord ... read..

Study reveals influence of krill availability on humpback whale pregnancies
Washington | January 26, 2023 8:02:00 PM IST
Scientists show reduced krill supplies lead to fewer pregnancies in humpback whales, a finding that could have major implications for industrial krill fishing. Data from Antarctica show more humpback whales get pregnant after years with abundant krill tha ... read..

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