Holistic lifestyle modification can lower risk of heart attack, said Dr. Anjan Siotia, Consultant Department of Cardiology, CK Birla Hospitals BMB, on the eve of World Heart Day.
He said, " It is not possible to predict who will get a heart attack and when. Nobody is completely immune from this disease and it is a fact that any of us can get a heart attack anytime even after taking medications or after undergoing bypass surgery or angioplasty. ""We can, however, reduce our risk of having a heart attack by adopting healthy lifestyle and taking medications when necessary. There is usually no single reason for a heart attack. There are multiple risk factors and one has to address them together. There are non- modifiable risk factors for heart ailments like increasing age, male sex and a family history of heart problems. One cannot do anything about it," Dr Siotia said.
One can, however, address the modifiable risk factors like diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, tobacco use, weight management, regular exercise, healthy diet and managing stress. By consumption of healthy food, and exercising regularly, one can maintain good body weight. This will not only help in diabetes, BP and cholesterol management but will also reduce the risk of getting heart problems, he said.
Dr Siotia said smoking and consumption of tobacco in another forms is a major health risk and it must be completely shunned to reduce cardiac risk. Last but not the least, stress is a major problem in modern societies and with increasing competition, this seems to be not only getting worse but also affecting many young people. Inculcating good habits at an early age will help a long way in reducing one's cardiac risk.
"While losing weight is one thing, keeping it off is another issue entirely. Being obese is undoubtedly one of the biggest risk factors for any health issue. Firstly, don't compare your ideal body weight with someone else's, as various factors like age, height, sex, bone density etc. are taken into consideration before calculating the ideal weight," he said.
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