Drugs from Betel Leaf for Infectious diseases including TB
New Delhi | Tuesday, Feb 5 2013 IST
Scientists are close to discovering 'next generation drugs' from ordinary betel vine leaves for fighting various infectious diseases including tuberculosis.
The betel leaves(Piper Betel) are abundantly grown in India and other south Asian countries as an economic crop. They have been used to prepare 'Paan' chewed by millions across the world as mouth freshener and digestive agent. Several ingredients like slacked lime paste, areca nut and sometimes tobacco are stuffed in the betel leaves to prepare paan before chewing it after food. The names of paans differ from place to place and the most famous one was known as 'Ram Pyari' in Hyderabad made of the leaves from West Bengal, known for pungency. Paan forms part of all cultural and marriage ceremonies in India, while the leaves play a significant role in all Hindu functions. The active compounds in the betel leaves, according to latest research reports, could fight various infectious diseases such as Tuberculosis,, Plague, Diphtheria, Diarrohea and Cholera. In Puja and various Vedic rituals Paan is an essential element and in Ayurvedic medicine, it's used to treat various diseases including headaches, respiratory problems, constipation, inflammation, and wounds among others. However, the active compounds of Paan that are having such medicinal properties are not yet known. Researchers led by Debmalya Barh from Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology (IIOAB), Nonakuri, Tamluk, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal(India) (www.iioab.webs.com) in collaboration with researchers from Mexico, Brazil, USA, Denmark and three Indian Institutes have for the first time identified compounds from betel leaves that are useful in developing broad spectrum antibiotics against Caseous Lymphadenitis (in cattle), Diphtheria, Tuberculosis, Plague, Hemorrhagic diarrhea, and Cholera. More UNI XC RP 1750 NNNN
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