It was a great honour to Karnataka Forest Department as its elephants captured and tamed by experts from the state are now ondemand from other states in the country.
Forest department sources told UNI that 12 of these tamedelephants will be sent to Uttarakhand. The elephants have beenselected from Bannerghatta, Mathigodu, Dodda Harave and Dubareelephant camps.
There are several elephant capturing and training camps acrossthe country including Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra andTamil Nadu where a considerable number of forest officials and staffcapture wild elephants that unleash terror in human habitation. Theyare captured and tamed using various methods.
Elephant capturing and taming process has been followed sincethousands of years. For instance, in South Karnataka, the Dubareelephant camp in Kodagu is known to have tamed many rouge elephants.Situated on the banks of river Cauvery, Dubare is a historicallyimportant elephant camp managed by the Forest Department whereelephants used in the Mysore Dasara processions are traditionallycaptured and trained. Today, it is mainly a rehabilitation centrewhere rogue elephants from the wild are caught and tamed to minimizeconflicts with villagers.
The art of taming and training elephants goes back to nearly4,000 years and seems to have developed originally in Asia, fromwhere it is believed to have spread to Africa and Europe. The art ofcapturing and taming an elephant slowly became a profession initself, whose secrets were passed down the generations.
Once an elephant is captured, they are marched to a kraal, or awooden enclosure, where they are trained. A kraal is a tiny, roofedenclosure of teak beams, measuring some 12 square feet. When theelephant enters the kraal, crossbars are placed and firmly wedged in place.
With strict discipline, captivity, pokes and jabs, the animal will beteached and sometimes it will be starved, to obey commands. In this training phase, themahout gains the trust of the captive animal by kinder treatment andcontinuous attention.
In Karnataka, there are 126 tamed elephants in the nine elephantcamps in Bandipur, Nagarahole, Bhadra and Bannerghatta NationalParks. These elephants are used to perform various tasks includingcarrying wooden logs, capturing wild animals and of course, the wellbehaved and sturdy ones are identified and are again trained for Dasara.
In 2015, the Uttarakhand government had written to KarnatakaGovernment seeking a batch of tamed elephants for its use in the JimCorbett National Park, one of the oldest and most visited park andknown for its Bengal tigers. Acting on the request, the Stategovernment decided to send 12 elephants from select camps.
The selected elephants include 4 females and 8 male elephants.Two of the female elephants that were selected earlier deliveredcalves and one among the female elephants died after giving birth.Following this, we had to select two more female elephants as wedecided not to send the elephant with the calf to Uttarakhand, saidDilip Kumar Das, Chief Conservator of Forests, Project Elephant.
Among the elephants, two will be from Bannerghatta National Park,four from Mathigodu elephant camp, three from Dodda Harave and threefrom Dubare elephant camp, he added.UNI BSP RS CS 1102
-- (UNI) -- C-1-DL0284-1050709.Xml